Requests for reprints should be sent to David Rosenfield, Department of Psychology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas 75275.
Sex differences in attributions for sex-typed tasks1
Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 46, Issue 2, pages 244–259, June 1978
How to Cite
Rosenfield, D. and Stephan, W. G. (1978), Sex differences in attributions for sex-typed tasks. Journal of Personality, 46: 244–259. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1978.tb00178.x
This research was conducted as part of the first author's dissertation. It was supported by NIMH Grant 22249 to Walter G. Stephan.
- Issue online: 28 APR 2006
- Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received January 12, 1977
Recent studies have indicated that males make more egotistical attributions than females, that is, males make more internal attributions for success and more external attributions for failure than females do. These sex differences in attributions were examined in terms of male/female differences in expectancies for success and ego-involvement in the tasks. Male and female subjects succeeded or failed on a masculine or a feminine task. It was found that males made more egotistical attributions than females on the masculine task, but females made more egotistical attributions than males on the feminine task. A covariance analysis revealed that these sex differences in attributions could be explained in terms of the differences between the males and females in expectancy for success and in ego-involvement. Finally, it was found that ego-involvement was a more important determinant of egotisical attributions in the present study than was expectancy.