Now at Stanford University Medical School. Authorship is equal and in alphabetical order. Contact Henry Alker, Dept. of Psychology, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y. 14853 for reprints.
On the intrapsychic specificity of happiness1
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 46, Issue 2, pages 311–322, June 1978
How to Cite
Alker, H. A. and Gawin, F. (1978), On the intrapsychic specificity of happiness. Journal of Personality, 46: 311–322. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1978.tb00182.x
The authors wish to thank David Ricks for his helpful comments on an earlier draft.
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received January 24, 1977
A correlation analysis of a heterogeneous sample of religiously active individuals provided two main findings. Firstly, persons determined to be more psychologically mature were found to be happier. This finding held for both a Maslovian measure of motivational maturation and for a measure of religious maturity developed by Allport. Secondly, the meaning of happiness, or at least the meaning of our measure of well-being which we used to index this trait, appeared to change as individuals became more mature. For mature individuals moderator analyses indicated that apparently greater discrimination was made between simple well-being and the basic acceptance of oneself. The personological tradition offers theoretically meaningful accounts of both this form of intrapsychic specificity as well as of the simpler more nomothetic relations of maturation and happiness.