. The authors wish to thank Drs. K. Deaux and J. Jacoby for their comments on previous versions of this manuscript. Portions of this research were presented at the 49th Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, May 5–7, 1977.
Who cares about ecology? Personality and sex differences in environmental concern1
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 46, Issue 1, pages 190–203, March 1978
How to Cite
Borden, R. J. and Francis, J. L. (1978), Who cares about ecology? Personality and sex differences in environmental concern. Journal of Personality, 46: 190–203. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1978.tb00610.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received December 7, 1976.
This study was designed to identify personality factors that underlie concern for ecological-environmental problems. High and low environmental-concern individuals were given the California Psychological Inventory and were found to differ significantly on many subscales. A factor analysis of the CPI data produced four factors which closely paralleled previous CPI research findings. In conjunction with this analysis, four factorially derived scores were obtained for each individual. Comparison of high and low environmental-concern individuals' factorially derived scores showed high environmental-concern persons as having stronger value orientation, person orientation, and ethical-conscientiousness, but not differing from low environmental-concern individuals in terms of independence of thought or action. Further, high environmental-concern females were found to be significantly more extraverted, “leader-types” than low environmental-concern females; while the opposite relation was obtained for males. Thus, it appears that men and women become involved with the environmental movement for different reasons. Finally, additional implications of the involvement of basic psychological individual differences in determining ecological-environmental concern were discussed.