. I would like to thank the Clark University Faculty Research Fund for supporting the payment of research subjects. To Dan Logan go special thanks for his assistance in various aspects of this project; and to Lori Tolor who helped with data collection and analysis.
Personality and the location of identity1
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 46, Issue 3, pages 552–568, September 1978
How to Cite
Sampson, E. E. (1978), Personality and the location of identity. Journal of Personality, 46: 552–568. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1978.tb01017.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received September 1, 1977.
It was hypothesized that individuals vary in their general environmental orientation: some are oriented to the internal and some to the external environment. We next predicted that this difference would be reflected in the location of those characteristics by which such persons define their identity. A sample of 150 persons judged the location of a set of 22 identity characteristics. These characteristics were rated on importance for self and then correlated with personality tests assumed to assess individual differences in environmental orientation. Authoritarianism, Snyder's self–monitoring, and Rotter's external locus of control were taken as measures of an external environmental orientation; Laird's locus of causal attribution and Sampson's measure of internal orientation (IO) were taken as measures of an internal environmental orientation. With all scales but Rotter's, strong support for the predictions was found: i.e., authoritarianism and self–monitoring were positively correlated with externally located identity characteristics; a dispositional attributional bias and the IO were positively correlated with internally located identity characteristics. These findings were discussed in terms of a process of identity mastery.