Reprint requests should be sent to Walter H. Crockett, Department of Psychology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045.
Inferential rules in the learning and recall of patterns of sentiments1
Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 47, Issue 4, pages 658–676, December 1979
How to Cite
Crockett, W. H. (1979), Inferential rules in the learning and recall of patterns of sentiments. Journal of Personality, 47: 658–676. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1979.tb00215.x
This research was supported in part by Biomedical Sciences Support Grant #RR7037 from the University of Kansas. Special thanks are due to Judy Batson for assistance in collecting the data and to Grace and Fritz Heider for their comments on the paper.
- Issue online: 28 APR 2006
- Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received August 17, 1978
Subjects learned one of four patterns of like-dislike relations between members of four-person structures. They then recalled the learned structure after an interval of fifteen minutes, one week, or four weeks. One pattern of relations was balanced, one could be balanced by changing only one pair of relations, and the other two were totally unbalanced. There was clear evidence that the balance assumptions were employed in learning; for unbalanced structures, there was some evidence of the use of positivity and of source/target generalization. Subjects recalled the balanced structure more accurately than the unbalanced ones, especially over the longest time interval. However, unbalanced structures were not converted in memory to balanced ones.