The authors wish to thank Donna Munic for her valuable assistance, and the Drackett Go. for their generous donation of the Nutrament used in the study.
Effects of an observer on eating behavior: The induction of “sensible” eating1
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 47, Issue 1, pages 85–99, March 1979
How to Cite
Herman, C. P., Polivy, J. and Silver, R. (1979), Effects of an observer on eating behavior: The induction of “sensible” eating. Journal of Personality, 47: 85–99. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1979.tb00616.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received June 28, 1977.
An experiment was conducted to investigate the extent of caloric compensation to differential preloading among normally restrained and unrestrained female subjects. Subjects' eating was either explicitly observed or unobserved by the experimenter. Unrestrained eaters compensated appropriately for the preload, whether or not they were observed. Restrained eaters failed to compensate when unobserved, but compensated strongly when observed. A subsequent unobserved eating task revealed that restrained eaters failed to compensate for prior consumption when the observer was withdrawn. Implications for research and therapy are discussed.