This research was supported by Grant 14-7499-0181 from the University Research Institute of the University of Texas to the first author.
Mood and personality: A search for the causal relationship1
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 48, Issue 1, pages 15–23, March 1980
How to Cite
Underwood, B., Froming, W. J. and Moore, B. S. (1980), Mood and personality: A search for the causal relationship. Journal of Personality, 48: 15–23. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1980.tb00962.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received April 19, 1977; revised September 4, 1979.
Previous findings of correlations between mood and personality variables were noted. It was suggested that the establishment of a causal relationship was crucially important, not merely to the understanding of how mood is related to personality but to the conceptualization of mood as a source of error in personality measurement as well. A prior attempt to establish a causal role for mood failed, but may have done so for methodological reasons. The present study investigated the influence of a mood manipulation on personality measures. There was also an opportunity to replicate prior correlational findings independent of the effect of the mood manipulation. College students were asked to think of happy, sad, or affectively neutral events and then filled out several personality measures. A manipulation check confirmed that different moods were induced by this procedure. The prior correlations between mood and personality variables were replicated, but the mood manipulation did not affect any of the personality measures. The implications of these results for personality measurement and for the relation between mood and behavior were discussed.