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The persistence of loneliness: Self and other determinants1
Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 49, Issue 1, pages 27–48, March 1981
How to Cite
Jones, W. H., Freemon, J. E. and Goswick, R. A. (1981), The persistence of loneliness: Self and other determinants. Journal of Personality, 49: 27–48. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1981.tb00844.x
Preliminary reports of this paper were presented at the 1978 American Psychological Association and Southwestern Psychological Association Conventions. Address reprint requests to Warren H. Jones, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, University of Tulsa, 600 South College, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74104.
- Issue online: 28 APR 2006
- Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received August 1, 1978; revised March 27, 1980.
Four studies (total n= 469) examined correlates of loneliness in order to explore explanations for the persistence of loneliness among college students. Self-report and attitude scales, ratings of others following dyadic interactions, and self and other ratings at two points during an extended period of group interactions indicated that lonely students (a) rated themselves more negatively and reported deficits in social skills and self-concept, (b) rated specific others and people-in-general more negatively and were more alienated and externalized, (c) expected others to rate them negatively, but (d) in general were not differentially rated by others except in the initial phase of group interactions and by lonely others following dyadic interactions. Results suggested that loneliness may be perpetuated by its cognitive and affective concomitants, with some evidence for gender differences, whereas inconclusive evidence was found regarding responses of others to the lonely person.