This research and the preparation of this manuscript were supported in part by National Science Foundation Grants S BNS 77–11346 and BNS 82–07632 to Mark Snyder, and in part by a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship to Deborah Kendzierski. Portions of this manuscript were written while Mark Snyder was a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. For their assistance in conducting this investigation, we thank Pam Betlach, Sandra Bristol, and Dace Svikis. For her advice and counsel on statistical matters, we thank Joan Garfield. For their comments on the manuscript, we thank Nancy Cantor, William Ickes, Edward E. Jones, and Dale T. Miller. Requests for reprints should be sent to Mark Snyder, Laboratory for Research in Social Relations, Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 East River Road, Minneapolis, Minn. 55455.
Choosing social situations: Investigating the origins of correspondence between attitudes and behavior
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 50, Issue 3, pages 280–295, September 1982
How to Cite
Snyder, M. and Kendzierski, D. (1982), Choosing social situations: Investigating the origins of correspondence between attitudes and behavior. Journal of Personality, 50: 280–295. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1982.tb00751.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received April 24, 1981; revised January 12, 1982.
By choosing to enter and spend time in those social situations that will dispose them to perform the actions implied by their personal attitudes, individuals may generate correspondence between their attitudes and their behavior. To investigate this process, we allowed individuals to choose whether to enter and spend time in a social situation that supported the behavioral expression of attitudes favorable toward affirmative action. For low-self-monitoring individuals, those with favorable attitudes toward affirmative action were substantially more willing than were those with unfavorable attitudes to enter and spend time in this social situation. For high self-monitoring individuals, willingness to enter and spend time in this social situation was unrelated to personal attitudes toward affirmative action; at the same time, high self-monitoring females were more likely than high self-monitoring males to choose to enter and to spend time in this social situation. Implications of these findings for understanding the links between self-monitoring processes and the origins of correspondence between attitudes and behavior were discussed.