The authors would like to thank Barbara Breck, Jack Brehm, Jeff Greenberg, Kevin McCaul and Stephen West for comments on an earlier draft of this paper. A version of this paper was read at the 27th Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Houston, Texas, April, 1981.
The effect of subject's race and other's race on judgments of causality for success and failure
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 50, Issue 2, pages 193–202, June 1982
How to Cite
Whitehead, G. I., Smith, S. H. and Eichhorn, J. A. (1982), The effect of subject's race and other's race on judgments of causality for success and failure. Journal of Personality, 50: 193–202. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1982.tb01023.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received February 27, 1981; revised January 17, 1982.
This study examined the proposition that blacks and whites make dispositional attributions for an in-group's positive behaviors and an out-group's negative behaviors. The study also examined whether this positive in-group bias was caused by dislike of the out-group or belief in a stereotype. Thus, blacks and whites made attributions to black and white others who succeeded or failed on tasks for which there was either no stereotype or a more negative stereotype of whites than of blacks. An out-group other's failure on both tasks was attributed to lack of ability more than was an in-group other's failure. This finding suggests that the in-group bias is caused by dislike of the out-group. Furthermore, in success conditions subjects' attributions to the in-group or out-group other did not differ. It was suggested that these attributions may result from a combination of an in-group bias and a polarized appraisal.