Cognitive styles as predictors of artistic styles


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It was hypothesized that differences in artistic styles would be associated with differences in cognitive styles. Cognitive styles were defined in terms of Jung's theory of psychological types and assessed by the Singer-Loomis Inventory of Personality (SLIP). Artistic styles were determined by a cluster analysis of the description profiles of eight well known twentieth-century artists. The artistic styles of the forty-five artist-subjects were established by matching their descriptions of their artistic styles to the descriptions of the art of the artist-exemplars. Predictions of figurative and nonfigurative sort from extraverted and introverted cognitive styles were significant. Also significant were predictions of rationally arranged art when the cognitive style was rational and spontaneous, or unpredictably arranged art when the cognitive style was irrational.