Concern for appropriateness as a moderator variable in the statistical explanation of self-reported use of alcohol and marijuana


  • Study 1 was supported by Grant No 5 R01 DA 02491-02 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse Results of Study 1 were reported at the 1982 American Psychological Association Convention and at the 1983 Eastern Psychological Association Convention We thank Katharyn Crabbe and Joan Schumaker for making the arrangements necessary for data collection in Study 2, Donald Ash for assistance in the data analysis, Jacques A Chevalier, Richard Hudiburg, Jerome Meyer, George Rebok, and Jeffrey Reed for advice on methods of analysis, and David Shaffer and two anonymous reviewers, whose constructive comments helped to enhance the clarity of this report.

Requests for reprints should be addressed to Raymond Wolfe, Department of Psychology, State University College, Geneseo, NY 14454 Copies of the questionnaires used in these studies, and the scoring keys that accompany them, can also be obtained free of charge from Raymond Wolfe


Two studies examine the Concern for Appropriateness Scale (Lennox & Wolfe, 1984) as a likely moderator of dispositional and environmental variables associated with self-reported use of alcohol and marijuana by college and precollege students In Study 1, data from 408 upper division students show that concern score interacts significantly with religiosity in analyses of use of both drugs, but not with any of 11 other dispositional variables nor with drug-specific environment predictors in analyses of use of either drug In Study 2, data from 242 recent high school graduates show that concern score interacts significantly with religiosity and drug-specific environment in the explanation of alcohol use but not in the explanation of marijuana use All of the significant interactions are in the predicted direction Results therefore suggest that the concern scale is valid for some of its intended purposes