An interactional approach to the study of personality and emotion


  • The authors would like to thank Laurie Emmons for her assistance during various phases of this project, and Ellen Taylor for her helpful comments on an earlier draft of the paper

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Robert A Emmons, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, 603 E Daniel St, Champaign, IL 61820


The purpose of the present study was to examine the relation between personality and emotional feelings within ecologically valid settings Nineteen subjects rated their emotions in a wide variety of work, recreation, social, and alone situations sampled over a 30-day period They were also administered the Personality Research Form and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Although theoretically predictable relations were found between certain personality traits and specific emotions averaged across situations, it was not until we distinguished chosen from imposed situations that the most meaningful results were obtained Both temperament and nontemperament personality traits were found to be related to specific emotions Implications of the present findings for research on situation selection and the status of personality traits are discussed