Narcissism and the Use of Personal Pronouns


  • We would like to thank Kenneth Craik, Ravenna Helson, John Kamp, and Jill Novacek for their helpful commentary in developing this paper We Would like to give special thanks to the memory of Dr Calvin S Hall whose interest and support made this study possible Copies of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory will be sent without charge to anyone who desires to use it for research purposes

Requests should be addressed to Robert Raskin, Department of Psychology, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720


ABSTRACT In this study we explored the relationship between narcissism and the individual's use of personal pronouns during extemporaneous monologues The subjects, 24 males and 24 females, were asked to talk for approximately 5 minutes on any topic they chose Following the monologues the subjects were administered the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, and the Rotter Internal-External Locus of Control Scale The monologues were tape-recorded and later transcribed and analyzed for the subjects' use of personal pronouns As hypothesized, individuals who scored higher on narcissism tended to use more first person singular pronouns and fewer first person plural pronouns Discriminant validity for the relationship between narcissism and first person pronoun usage was exhibited in that narcissism did not show a relationship with subjects' use of second and third person pronouns, nor did the personality variables of extraversion, neuroticism, or locus of control exhibit any relationship with the subjects' personal pronoun usage