A Comparison Between Bottom–Up, Top–Down, and Bidirectional Models of Relationships Between Global and Life Facet Satisfaction


  • The authors thank Sub Fisicaro, Karl Kuhnert, Lenny Martin, Mike Moomaw, and especially Bill Graziano, three anonymous reviewers, and Steve West for their constructive comments on an earlier draft of this article Portions of this article were presented at the 1987 meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta Support was provided to the first author by Universal Energy Systems Contracts No F49620-85-0013/SB5851-0360 and No F4962O-88-C-OO53/SB5881-0378, Air Force Office of Scientific Services, Boiling Air Force Base, Washington, DC Address correspondence concerning this article to Charles E Lance, Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602


ABSTRACT We compared “bottom-up,”“top-down,” and “bidirectional” models of relationships between global and life facet satisfactions in a sample of university professors A bottom-up model proposed that specific life facet satisfactions determine satisfaction with life in general A top-down model proposed that global life satisfaction determines satisfaction in specific life domains A bidirectional model proposed reciprocal influences between global and life facet satisfaction We used LISREL-VI to contrast these models and, overall, the bidirectional model received strongest support However, direction of relations between global and life facet satisfaction varied across life domains We suggest that differences in domain scope, criticality, and centrality may determine the direction of the relationship between overall and life facet satisfaction