This research was supported by Research Scientist Development Award KO1-MH00704 and Grant RO1-MH42057 from the National Institute of Mental Health to Randy J. Larsen and a David Ross Award from the Purdue Research Foundation to Margaret Kasimatis. Portions of this work benefited from comments received from researchers attending the 1989 Nags Head conference on “Affect and Adjustment.” We would like to thank Glenn Affleck, Howard Tennen, Jerry Suls, and two anonymous reviewers for many helpful comments and suggestions on previous versions of this manuscript. We would also like to thank Jerome Busemeyer for helpful advice over the past few years on time-series statistics, and Laura Spear for programming assistance.
Day-to-Day Physical Symptoms: Individual Differences in the Occurrence, Duration, and Emotional Concomitants of Minor Daily Illnesses
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 59, Issue 3, pages 387–423, September 1991
How to Cite
Larsen, R. J. and Kasimatis, M. (1991), Day-to-Day Physical Symptoms: Individual Differences in the Occurrence, Duration, and Emotional Concomitants of Minor Daily Illnesses. Journal of Personality, 59: 387–423. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1991.tb00254.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received December 14, 1989; revised August 17, 1990.
ABSTRACT Even minor illnesses represent significant events in the ongoing lives of most people. As such, daily event methodologies could be applied to the study of ongoing health and illness. When daily health is considered as a temporal process, it is possible to expand our formulation of the relation between personality and day-to-day health. We use a daily event approach to model three temporal parameters of day-to-day health: the occurrence rate of symptoms, the duration of symptoms, and the covariation of symptoms and moods over time. We then examine whether these three models of day-to-day health are related to personality variables commonly used in health psychology research. The occurrence of illness related most strongly to neuroticism, the duration of illness related most strongly to the trait of aggressive responding, and Type A behavior related to less unpleasant affect reported during episodes of respiratory infection, aches, and depressive symptoms. Results are discussed in terms of how alternative models of health/illness are made possible by the daily event perspective.