This article is based on a dissertation submitted to the University of Connecticut. I gratefully acknowledge the contributions of Julian B. Rotter, major advisor. Many thanks are also due to Irving Kirsch and David Kenny, associate advisors; Herbert Getter. Steven Landau, Glenn Reeder, and Elizabeth Portmann, who read earlier versions of this article; Ronald Anderson, who scored the Incomplete Sentences Blanks; and Colleen Quinlan and Michael Silverstein, who assisted in data collection. This research was supported by a grant from the University of Connecticut Research Foundation. Portions of this article were presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, August 1989.
Adjustment, Depression, and Minimal Goal Setting: The Moderating Effect of Performance Feedback
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 59, Issue 2, pages 243–261, June 1991
How to Cite
Catanzaro, S. J. (1991), Adjustment, Depression, and Minimal Goal Setting: The Moderating Effect of Performance Feedback. Journal of Personality, 59: 243–261. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1991.tb00775.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received April 30, 1990; revised July 31, 1990.
ABSTRACT In this study I tested hypotheses about changes in expectancy and minimal goal statements and the relations of these variables to adjustment. Seventy-seven male college students completed the Rotter Incomplete Sentences Blank and the Beck Depression Inventory and subsequently received success or failure feedback on tasks for which they provided expectancy and minimal goal statements. Expectancies and minimal goals changed differently, relative to each other, as a function of performance feedback. Modest relations of adjustment and dysphoria with minimal goals were found, but these were moderated by performance feedback: Under failure, poorer adjustment and greater dysphoria were associated with higher minimal goals; under success, poorer adjustment and greater dysphoria were associated with lower minimal goals, contrary to a widely held hypothesis. Moreover, although the effects of adjustment and dysphoria on minimal goal setting were similar in strength and direction, these effects were independent of each other. Thus, adjustment-minimal goal relations must be understood in light of situational parameters and may reflect two processes, only one of which is related to mood.