This research was supported in part by National Institute of Mental Health Grant MH44206–02, a Fellowship from the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, National Science Foundation Grant BNS98-00864, and the Gordon P. Getty Trust. The author thanks Bill Graziano and Caryl Rusbult for helpful suggestions on an earlier version of this article.
Conflict in Married Couples: Personality Predictors of Anger and Upset
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 59, Issue 4, pages 663–688, December 1991
How to Cite
Buss, D. M. (1991), Conflict in Married Couples: Personality Predictors of Anger and Upset. Journal of Personality, 59: 663–688. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1991.tb00926.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received January 9. 1989: revised September 10. 1990.
ABSTRACT This research had two central goals: to examine the role of personality in (a) performing actions that anger spouses, and (b) eliciting anger-provoking actions from spouses. Personality data on a sample of married persons (N= 214) were obtained from three sources—self-report, spouse-observer report, and independent interviewers' reports. In a separate session, subjects recorded which of 147 upsetting actions their spouses had performed in the past year. A series of hierarchical multiple regressions revealed the effects of Surgency, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, and Intellect on evoking upset in spouses through condescension (e.g., treating spouse as stupid or inferior), possessiveness (demanding too much time and attention), abuse (slapping spouse), unfaithfulness (having sex with others), inconsiderateness (leaving toilet seat up), moodiness (crying a lot), alcohol abuse (drinking too much alcohol), emotional constriction (hiding emotions to act tough), and self-centeredness (acting selfishly). Discussion of this research focuses on the implications of personality for conflict in marital relationships.