This research was supported in part by National Institute of Health Grant R01 MH4398 to Ravenna Helson, whom I would like to thank for her generous, incisive, and caring contribution to the writing of this article. I would also like to acknowledge the help and support of Harrison Gough, Nancy Chodorow, Oliver John, and Jonathan Cheek.
Self- and ObJect-Dlrectedness in Adult Women Paul Wink
Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 59, Issue 4, pages 769–791, December 1991
How to Cite
Wink, P. (1991), Self- and ObJect-Dlrectedness in Adult Women Paul Wink. Journal of Personality, 59: 769–791. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1991.tb00931.x
- Issue online: 28 APR 2006
- Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received March 20, 1990; revised January 13, 1991.
ABSTRACT Separate factor analyses of items anchoring the opposite ends of a narcissism prototype derived from the California Q-set resulted in three narcissism or self-directed factors: Hypersensitivity, Willfulness, and Autonomy; and two factors hypothesized to represent the object-directed line of development: Straightforwardness and Givingness. These five factors were scored in Q-sort descriptions of 103 adult women. Correlates of the factors with the California Psychological Inventory, Adjective Check List, Sentence Completion Test, and life measures supported the usefulness of the distinction between self- and object-directedness. Whereas the narcissistic trajectory related to creativity, norm questioning, undercontrol of impulses, independence, and work orientation, the object-directed line of development was associated with prosocial inclinations, suppressive ego control, readiness to accept life demands, and stress on interpersonal relations.