This research was supported by grants from the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada, and Imperial Oil Limited. We wish to thank two anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments regarding revisions.
The Dimensionality of Type A Behavior within a Stressful Work Simulation
Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 60, Issue 3, pages 533–551, September 1992
How to Cite
Tett, R. P., Bobocel, D. R., Hafer, C., Lees, M. C., Smith, C. A. and Jackson, D. N. (1992), The Dimensionality of Type A Behavior within a Stressful Work Simulation. Journal of Personality, 60: 533–551. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1992.tb00919.x
- Issue online: 28 APR 2006
- Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received November 28, 1990; revised February 28, 1991.
ABSTRACT The present study was conducted to examine the dimensionality of overt Type A behaviors elicited in a simulated stressful work environment. University students played a managerial role while being subjected to time and work-load pressures, and completed the Survey of Work Styles (SWS; Jackson & Gray, 1989). Eighteen behaviors, coded by two raters based on audiovisual recordings, yielded relatively high interrater reliabilities. Principal components analysis revealed four primary factors: Hurriedness, Irritability, Tension of the Lower Extremities, and Restlessness. These factors contribute to an understanding of Type A behavior in that they are the first to be derived from a purely observational approach rather than a combination of observational and self-report methods. Consistent with previous research, differential correlations between the factors and the SWS subscales supported a multidimensional interpretation of the Type A behavior pattern. Present findings are compared to those of previous studies of Type A dimensionality.