This study is based in part on data presented in a doctoral dissertation submitted by the first author to Yale University. The research was supported by a fellowship from the Bush Center in Child Development and Social Policy and by a John F. Enders Research Fellowship.
Dependent and Self-Critical Depressive Experiences among Inner-City Adolescents
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 61, Issue 3, pages 365–386, September 1993
How to Cite
Luthar, S. S. and Blatt, S. J. (1993), Dependent and Self-Critical Depressive Experiences among Inner-City Adolescents. Journal of Personality, 61: 365–386. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1993.tb00285.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received September 16, 1991; revised March 19, 1992.
ABSTRACT The Adolescent Depressive Experiences Questionnaire was administered to 142 inner-city ninth graders. Based on theory, several potential correlates of dependency and self-criticism were selected for study, including depression, aspects of anxiety, locus of control, and facets of social behavior. Self-criticism showed stronger associations with depression and concerns about losing others' approval, while dependency showed stronger associations with diffuse tension and worry and sensitivity to others' behavior. The two depressive tendencies had comparable associations with physiological anxiety and external locus of control. These findings are discussed in terms of current perspectives on the symptomatic heterogeneity of depressive experiences.