This research was supported by National Institute of Mental Health Grant MH49255; additional support came from Grants MH40662 and MH39077. The second author was supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship. We are indebted to Lewis R. Goldberg, Zareen Farooqi, and Myron Rothbart, who helped us collect the data analyzed here, and to Robert R. McCrae and DavidC., Funder, who generously provided us with their data for the present reanalyses. Maureen Barckley contributed invaluable programming assistance. This article has benefited from thoughtful comments by William F. Chaplin, Kenneth H. Craik, David C. Funder, Lewis R. Goldberg, Robert Hogan, Delroy Paulhus, Robert R. McCrae, David Watson, and Stephen G. West. A portion of these findings were presented at the 1988 midwinter meetings of the Society for Personality Assessment in New Orleans. March 10–14. 1988. and at the annual meeting of the Society for Experimental Social Psychology, Madison, WI, October 20–23. 1988.
Determinants of Interjudge Agreement on Personality Traits: The Big Five Domains, Observability, Evaluativeness, and the Unique Perspective of the Self
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 61, Issue 4, pages 521–551, December 1993
How to Cite
John, O. P. and Robins, R. W. (1993), Determinants of Interjudge Agreement on Personality Traits: The Big Five Domains, Observability, Evaluativeness, and the Unique Perspective of the Self. Journal of Personality, 61: 521–551. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1993.tb00781.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received October 21, 1992; revised March 26. 1993.
ABSTRACT We examined several determinants of interjudge agreement on personality traits. The findings, which were cross-validated in two samples, suggest that agreement is a function of four factors: which Big Five content domain the trait represents, how observable relevant behaviors are, how evaluative the trait is, and whether the self is one of the judges. Agreement was highest for traits related to Extraversion and lowest for traits related to Agreeableness. More observable and less evaluative traits elicited higher interjudge agreement. On average, self-peer agreement was lower than peer-peer agreement. However, this effect was limited to evaluative traits; for neutral traits, self-peer agreement was as high as peer-peer agreement. These findings suggest that self- and peer perception proceed through similar processes for neutral traits but not for highly evaluative traits, raising the possibility that self-perceptions become distorted when the trait is affectively charged.