I wish to thank Lisa Jones and DeAnn Tilton for their valuable assistance with research material preparation, data collection, and data analysis. I am also grateful to Carol Sansone and Carolyn Morf for their comments on an earlier draft of this article.
Conceptions of Ability, Achievement Goals, and Individual Differences in Self-Handicapping Behavior: On the Application of Implicit Theories
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 62, Issue 1, pages 67–85, March 1994
How to Cite
Rhodewalt, F. (1994), Conceptions of Ability, Achievement Goals, and Individual Differences in Self-Handicapping Behavior: On the Application of Implicit Theories. Journal of Personality, 62: 67–85. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1994.tb00795.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received January 17, 1992; revised September 29, 1992.
This study tested the hypothesis that individual differences in the tendency to engage in self-handicapping were related to beliefs about the mutability of ability attributes and the pursuit of different achievement goals. Correlational data indicated that high self-handicappers as defined by the Self-handicapping Scale (Jones & Rhodewalt, 1982) believed that ability traits were more innately determined. They were mote likely to endorse performance goals (demonstration of ability) than were low self-handicappers. Low self-handicappers, in contrast, held a more incremental view of ability traits and pursued learning goals (increasing competence). Results are discussed in terms of the cognitive underpinnings of self-protective behavior.