Narcissistic Illusions in Self-Evaluations of Intelligence and Attractiveness
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 62, Issue 1, pages 143–155, March 1994
How to Cite
Gabriel, M. T., Critelli, J. W. and Ee, J. S. (1994), Narcissistic Illusions in Self-Evaluations of Intelligence and Attractiveness. Journal of Personality, 62: 143–155. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1994.tb00798.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received May 11, 1992; revised December 8, 1992.
In this study we compared the ability of narcissism and self-esteem to predict positive illusions in self-evaluations of intelligence and physical attractiveness in a sample of 146 college students. Narcissism predicted both types of illusion for males and females; self-esteem predicted intelligence self-illusion for males. Both males and females overestimated their own intelligence, with males, but not females, also overestimating their attractiveness. Positive illusions for intelligence and attractiveness were correlated. Males showed greater positive illusions than females, with this effect at least partly attributable to observed gender differences in narcissism.