We thank Carotin Showers for helpful comments on an earlier version of this manuscript.
Test Anxiety, Self-Awareness, and Cognitive Interference: A Process Analysis
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 63, Issue 4, pages 931–951, December 1995
How to Cite
Kurosawa, K. and Harackiewicz, J. M. (1995), Test Anxiety, Self-Awareness, and Cognitive Interference: A Process Analysis. Journal of Personality, 63: 931–951. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1995.tb00321.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received June 24, 1992: revised April 5, 1994.
ABSTRACT Participants performed a cognitive task under evaluative, self-awareness, and neutral conditions, Task performance was determined jointly by trait test anxiety and situational factors. Test anxiety led to poorer performance in both evaluative and self-awareness situations, relative to the neutral situation. We examined the cognitive activity variables that might mediate the effects of test anxiety and situational variables on performance, and identified a significant cognitive mediator of the main effect of test anxiety, but not for the Test Anxiety x Situation interaction effect. Therefore, the current experiment offered some support for Sarason's (1980) cognitive interference theory, as well as integrating test anxiety and self-awareness research.