The authors would like to thank Michael Doherty, Leona Aiken, and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments; the participants in this study; and the former graduate students who assisted in the study: Theresa Bena, Paul Cook, Ruben Echemendia, Anne Gibson, David Goldblatt, Joseph Kennell, Kathy Manges, Cheryl McGathy, Susan Minyard, and Kathy Pritchard.
The Many Meanings of Religiousness: A Policy-Capturing Approach
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 63, Issue 4, pages 953–983, December 1995
How to Cite
Pargament, K. I., Sullivan, M. S., Balzer, W. K., Van Haitsma, K. S. and Raymark, P. H. (1995), The Many Meanings of Religiousness: A Policy-Capturing Approach. Journal of Personality, 63: 953–983. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1995.tb00322.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received September 20, 1991; revised July 7, 1994.
ABSTRACT This article reports the results of two policy-capturing studies that investigated individual differences in the meaning of religiousness. Policy capturing requires judges to respond to a large number of hypothetical scenarios or profiles that differ along a number of potentially relevant cues or attributes. Multiple regression analyses are then conducted to ascertain which cues are influencing each judge's responses. For both studies, 100 profiles were developed describing hypothetical individuals who differed on 10 cues thought to influence perceptions of religiousness (e.g., church attendance, doctrinal orthodoxy), and judges rated each profile on a 9-point religiousness scale. Judges in Study 1 were 27 Roman Catholic and Protestant college students. Policy-capturing analyses identified clear individual differences in the cues that afifected judgments of religiousness, and in the self-insight of the students into their personal policies. To test whether these findings reflected the youth or religious maturity of the sample, the study was replicated with a sample of 22 Catholic and Protestant clergy. Similar results were found in Study 2. In both samples, individual policy capturing did a significantly better job of predicting judgments of religiousness than did self-described policies or policies created by averaging across judges. Together these findings underscore the diversity of religious meanings and the need for further idiographic investigations in the psychology of religion.