This article is based in part on a dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of requirements for the Ph.D. at the University of California, Davis, under the supervision of Robert A. Emmons (Chair), Dean Keith Simonton, and Alan Elms. Portions of this article were presented at the 64th Annual Midwestern Psychological Association Convention, May 1992, in Chicago. Preparation of the manuscript was supported in part by NIMH/FIRST Award R29 MH54142-01 to Laura A. King. 1 would like to thank Robert Emmons, Lisa Jensen, Sheri Broyles, Carmen Uhlmann, Phebe Cramer, and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on earlier versions of this article. In addition, I would like to thank Trisha Valdero, L. Stephanie Roderiguez, Emily Stemmerich, and Lisa Tinti for their assistance in data collection and coding.
Wishes, Motives, Goals, and Personal Memories: Relations of Measures of Human Motivation
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 63, Issue 4, pages 985–1007, December 1995
How to Cite
King, L. A. (1995), Wishes, Motives, Goals, and Personal Memories: Relations of Measures of Human Motivation. Journal of Personality, 63: 985–1007. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1995.tb00323.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received October 8, 1992; revised July 18, 1994
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to compare measures of explicit and implicit motives. One hundred and one participants completed six measures of motivation, including Thematic Apperceptive stories, autobiographical memories, three wishes, personal striving lists, the Personality Research Form, and self-ratings. Stories, memories, wishes, and strivings were content-analyzed using Winter's (1989) system. Although overall correlations did emerge among explicit measures within the same motive, there were numerous correlations among methodologically similar measures of different motives. In general, explicit measures did not correlate with thematic measures of the same motives. Although correlations among measures were similar for men and women, explicit measures of power converged with thematic measures of power only for men. Exploratory factor analysis identified three factors: explicit achievement, explicit affiliation, and power. Implicit achievement motivation loaded negatively on the affiliation factor. Implications for research on implicit and self-attributed motivation are discussed.