Preparation of this manuscript was supported in part by Research Scientist Development Award K01–MH00704 and Grant R01–MH42057 from the National Institute of Mental Health to Randy J. Larsen.
Life after Trauma: Personality and Daily Life Experiences of Traumatized People
Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 63, Issue 2, pages 165–188, June 1995
How to Cite
Bunce, S. C., Larson, R. J. and Peterson, C. (1995), Life after Trauma: Personality and Daily Life Experiences of Traumatized People. Journal of Personality, 63: 165–188. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1995.tb00806.x
- Issue online: 28 APR 2006
- Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received December 3, 1992; revised January 18, 1994.
In this study, we explored differences in personality and daily life experiences of traumatized (n= 26) versus nontraumatized (n= 30) college students. Study participants completed a variety of personality measures as well as a 28–day experience sampling study assessing daily activities, emotions, and physical health. Although not differing on general demographics, traumatized individuals reported more trait anxiety and lower self–esteem than nontraumatized individuals. They scored higher on Neuroticism, were more introverted, and were less emotionally stable than nontraumatized participants. Traumatized individuals also reported more cognitive disturbances, emotional blunting, and interpersonal withdrawal. They did not report being more depressed, but did endorse cognitive styles associated with heightened risk for depression. Earlier age of trauma was associated with more pathological outcomes: lower self–esteem and psychological well–being, more anxiety, more pessimism, and emotional constriction of positive mood. We compare this symptom profile to that of posttraumatic stress disorder.