Portions of this article were presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Psychological Association, Montreal, Quebec, June 1988. This research was funded by a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRCC) doctoral fellowship to Megan M. Thompson and a research grant from SSHRCC to Mark P. Zanna. We are grateful to David Jamieson, Mike Ross, Jacquie Vorauer, and Wendy Wood for their valuable comments on an earlier version of this article. We are particularly indebted to the comments of two anonymous reviewers of an earlier version of this manuscript.
The Conflicted Individual: Personality-Based and Domain Specific Antecedents of Ambivalent Social Attitudes
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 63, Issue 2, pages 259–288, June 1995
How to Cite
Thompson, M. M. and Zanna, M. P. (1995), The Conflicted Individual: Personality-Based and Domain Specific Antecedents of Ambivalent Social Attitudes. Journal of Personality, 63: 259–288. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1995.tb00810.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- Manuscript received December 29, 1992; revised November 18, 1993.
Historically, attitude theory and research has assumed that attitudes are largely unconflicted and unidimensional summary statements of feelings and beliefs. More recent work has reexamined this assumption (Thompson, Zanna, & Griffin, in press). The present article details two studies that continue to investigate this notion, examining antecedent variables assumed important in the genesis of attitudinal ambivalence. The first study focuses upon personality-based factors such as individuals' Need for Cognition (NFC) and Personal Fear of Invalidity (PFI) (a heightened concern with error). The pattern of results was consistent with our predictions: High NFC was associated with less ambivalence and high PFI was associated with greater ambivalence. The second study investigated a domain-specific antecedent. It was predicted that higher involvement would reduce the level of ambivalence experienced. Further, involvement was expected to moderate the effect of the personality-based antecedents. Again, results confirmed our hypotheses. High