The authors would like to thank Kathy Muller, Martin Davidson, and Mary Gomes for their assistance in the data collection.
Social-Emotional Adjustment and Patterns of Alcohol Use among Young Adults
Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 64, Issue 2, pages 495–527, June 1996
How to Cite
Weinberger, D. A. and Bartholomew, K. (1996), Social-Emotional Adjustment and Patterns of Alcohol Use among Young Adults. Journal of Personality, 64: 495–527. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1996.tb00519.x
- Issue online: 28 APR 2006
- Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
ABSTRACT Individual differences in social-emotional adjustment, jointly defined by levels of distress and self-restraint, were used to evaluate (a) patterns of alcohol use, (b) reasons for use, and (c) associated problems in two college samples of young adults (N= 287 and N= 215). As hypothesized, low self-restraint was associated with high levels of alcohol use, drinking to increase positive affect, and high levels of alcohol-related problems. Subjective distress was not related to levels of use; however, it was associated with drinking to escape negative moods and social discomfort and with excessive alcohol-related problems. Both high distress and low self-restraint predicted problem drinking beyond what could be accounted for by quantity or frequency of alcohol use or by peers' use. Within Weinberger and Schwartz's (1990) six-group typology, reactive individuals (high distress–low restraint) were especially likely to be problem drinkers, even when compared to groups with equivalent alcohol use. In a separate study, knowledgeable peers' reports validated the differences between reactive and repressive individuals, the two groups most likely to have inaccurate self-reports.