This article was facilitated by support from NIH Grant 46448 to Jerry Suls. The comments of René Martin and Howard Tennen on earlier drafts are gratefully acknowledged.
Personality and Coping: Three Generations of Research
Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 64, Issue 4, pages 711–735, December 1996
How to Cite
Suls, J., David, J. P. and Harvey, J. H. (1996), Personality and Coping: Three Generations of Research. Journal of Personality, 64: 711–735. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1996.tb00942.x
- Issue online: 28 APR 2006
- Version of Record online: 28 APR 2006
ABSTRACT This article introduces the Journal of Personality's special issue on coping and personality. It first presents a historical overview of the psychological study of how people cope with stress and identifies three generations of theory and research: (a) the psychoanalysts and the ego development school, which tended to equate personality and coping strategies; (b) the transactional approach, which appeared in the 1960s and emphasized situational and cognitive influences on coping while downplaying the role of individual differences; and (c) the most recent, “third generation,” whose work is represented in this special issue and focuses on the role of personality in coping while maintaining strong operational distinctions among coping, personality, appraisal, and adaptational outcomes. This introduction concludes with a discussion of unresolved conceptual and methodological issues and a brief orientation to the third-generation articles that follow in this special issue.