Emotional Experience and Its Relation to the Five-Factor Model in Estonian


  • We thank Epp Veski for collecting the data. We are also very grateful to Jonathan Tudge and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on previous versions of this article.

concerning this article should be addressed to Jüri Allik, Department of Psychology, University of Tartu, Tiigi 78, Tartu EE2484. Estonia. E-mail may be sent to jyri@psych.ut.ee.


ABSTRACT In this article we studied relations between self-rated emotional experience and the five-factor model of personality. Replicating previous findings we found that two dominant dimensions of emotional experience, Negative Affect and Positive Affect (that accounted for three to five times more total variance among Estonian emotion-related terms than any other factors) are selectively related to Neuroticism and Extraversion. Data supported the hierarchical taxonomy scheme proposed by Watson and Clark (1992) in which two broad higher order affective states were each composed of several correlated but still clearly distinguishable moods with their specific content. The content of specific emotions mapped systematically onto measures of personality: Affect scales explained 40% to 50% of the total variance of Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Conscientiousness, approximately 20% of the total variance of Agreeableness, and only 13% of Openness to Experience. Besides the replication of the hierarchical bipartite structure of emotion terms itself in a non-Indo-European language, our data demonstrated that the general pattern of associations between affect and personality domains is also generalizable across languages and cultures.