Portions of this article were presented at the 101st annual convention of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada, August 1993. We wish to thank Jan Richards, Matt Langan, Pat Eisley, Christi Napa, Jennifer Ness, Kelli Kingsbury, Teresa Williams, and Kristin Whiteside for assistance in data coding. In addition we would like to thank William Graziano, Robert McCrae, and the anonymous reviewers for their helpful commentaries on earlier versions of this manuscript. Preparation of this manuscript was supported in part by an NIMH/FIRST Award R29 MH54142-01 to Laura A. King.
Wishes, Gender, Personality, and Well-Being
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 65, Issue 1, pages 49–76, March 1997
How to Cite
King, L. A. and Broyles, S. J. (1997), Wishes, Gender, Personality, and Well-Being. Journal of Personality, 65: 49–76. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.1997.tb00529.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
ABSTRACT Study participants (175 men, 230 women) made three wishes and completed measures of the five-factor model of personality, optimism, life satisfaction, and depression. Common wishes were for achievement, affiliation, intimacy, and power as well as for happiness and money. T tests showed women were more likely to wish for improved appearance, happiness, and health; men were more likely to make power wishes and wishes for sex. Among participants who were highly involved in the wishing process, Extra-version was related to making more interpersonal wishes and wishes for positive affect. Neuroticism was related to wishes for emotional stability. Agreeableness and Openness to Experience related to wishes reflective of these traits. Conscientiousness was related to low impulsivity. Depression was related to making highly idiosyncratic, specific wishes, suggesting the use of wishful thinking as a coping mechanism. In addition, happy participants were more likely to rate their wishes as likely to come true. Results indicate that the relatively commonplace process of wishing relates to traits, gender, and well-being.