Circumnavigating the Personality as a Whole: The Challenges of Integrative Methodological Pluralism

Authors

  • Kenneth H. Craik

    Corresponding author
    1. University of California at Berkeley
      Address comments to Kenneth H. Craik, Institute of Personality and Social Research, University of California at Berkeley, #5050, Berkeley, CA 94720.
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  • My thanks to Jerry Wiggins, the special issue editors, and the authors for their comments on an earlier version of this article.

Address comments to Kenneth H. Craik, Institute of Personality and Social Research, University of California at Berkeley, #5050, Berkeley, CA 94720.

Abstract

ABSTRACT Beyond Nasby and Read's analysis in this special issue, this article identifies four domains of potential knowledge about Dodge Morgan: environmental dispositions, conduct qua sailor, orientation toward privacy, and personality and life story as represented within his lifelong community. Five formulations of dispositions are reviewed, as (a) categorical summaries, (b) hypothetical conditional propositions, (c) physical causes, (d) purposive-cognitive causes, and (e) a hybrid of physical and purposive-cognitive causes. Their implications are examined for three forms of life accounts: personal life stories, community-generated life stories, and life-history analyses. The progress in understanding persons and their lives represented by Nasby and Read's analysis of Morgan is gauged by comparing it with Murray and White's (1938) case analysis of Earnst.

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