Mary C. Davis and Alex J. Zautra, Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, and Bruce Smith, Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico.
Chronic Pain, Stress, and the Dynamics of Affective Differentiation
Article first published online: 28 OCT 2004
Journal of Personality
Volume 72, Issue 6, pages 1133–1160, December 2004
How to Cite
Davis, M. C., Zautra, A. J. and Smith, B. W. (2004), Chronic Pain, Stress, and the Dynamics of Affective Differentiation. Journal of Personality, 72: 1133–1160. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2004.00293.x
- Issue published online: 28 OCT 2004
- Article first published online: 28 OCT 2004
Abstract We describe a program of research examining how the relationship between positive and negative affect varies both between individuals and within individuals over time. This Dynamic Model of Affect (DMA) proposes that under conditions that promote maximal information processing, positive and negative affective systems function relatively independently. In contrast, under conditions characterized by uncertainty, including pain and stress, the affects become strongly inversely related. Included in our consideration are potential individual differences in the ability to sustain affective differentiation during pain and other stressors and the implications of this model for perceptions of social relations and for interventions to improve well-being among the chronically ill.