Miron Zuckerman, Department of Clinical & Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester; Fen-Fang Tsai, Department of Clinical & Social Sciences in Psychology, University of Rochester.
Costs of Self-Handicapping
Article first published online: 17 JAN 2005
Journal of Personality
Volume 73, Issue 2, pages 411–442, April 2005
How to Cite
Zuckerman, M. and Tsai, F.-F. (2005), Costs of Self-Handicapping. Journal of Personality, 73: 411–442. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2005.00314.x
We thank Alessandro A. Vivenzio and Aislinn R. Sapp for their assistance with data collection and entry.
- Issue published online: 17 JAN 2005
- Article first published online: 17 JAN 2005
Abstract Four studies examined the relation of trait self-handicapping with health-related measures. Study 1 showed that, over time, self-handicapping and maladjustment reinforce each other. Study 2 showed that self-handicappers reported a loss in competence satisfaction which, in turn, mediated the relation of self-handicapping with negative mood. Study 3 found that, over time, self-handicappers report an increase in substance use. Study 4 showed that self-handicappers reported a loss in intrinsic motivation for their jobs. It was suggested that people with unstable (or contingent) self-esteem use self-handicapping to bolster a fragile self-concept.