We are much indebted to all patients for their collaboration and to Daan Vandenbossche for his help with the preparation of the tables. Barbara De Clercq held a position as BOF–researcher (Grant Nr. 011d0201) provided by the Ghent University during the preparation of the manuscript.
The Validity of Cloninger's Psychobiological Model Versus the Five-Factor Model to Predict DSM-IV Personality Disorders in a Heterogeneous Psychiatric Sample: Domain Facet and Residualized Facet Descriptions
Article first published online: 9 FEB 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 74, Issue 2, pages 479–510, April 2006
How to Cite
De Fruyt, F., De Clercq, B. J., van de Wiele, L. and Van Heeringen, K. (2006), The Validity of Cloninger's Psychobiological Model Versus the Five-Factor Model to Predict DSM-IV Personality Disorders in a Heterogeneous Psychiatric Sample: Domain Facet and Residualized Facet Descriptions. Journal of Personality, 74: 479–510. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2006.00382.x
- Issue published online: 9 FEB 2006
- Article first published online: 9 FEB 2006
ABSTRACT The validity of Cloninger's psychobiological model and the Five-Factor Model of personality to predict DSM-IV personality disorders was examined in a psychiatric in-patient sample of 130 individuals. Patients completed Dutch authorized versions of the TCI (Cloninger, Svrakic, & Przybeck, 1993) and the NEO PI-R (Costa & McCrae, 1992) and were also administered the ADP-IV (Schotte & De Doncker, 1994), a Dutch self-report questionnaire to assess Axis-II disorders. No personality-descriptive model proved to be superior in explaining personality disorder symptoms at the higher-order level: the TCI dimensions better explained the Obsessive-Compulsive and the Narcissistic disorders, whereas the FFM accounted for more variance of the Avoidant disorder. However, differences were apparent at the lower-order level with the NEO facets out performing the TCI subscales for six to four personality disorders. FFM facet-level predictions of Widiger, Trull, Clarkin, Sanderson, and Costa (2002) were partially confirmed, with substantially better results using residualized facet scores. A set of TCI subscale personality disorder relationships is suggested.