This research was supported by Grant R01AA1226901 from the National Institute of Alcohol and Alcohol Abuse.
A Decision Theoretic and Prototype Conceptualization of Possible Selves: Implications for the Prediction of Risk Behavior
Article first published online: 9 FEB 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 74, Issue 2, pages 599–630, April 2006
How to Cite
Quinlan, S. L., Jaccard, J. and Blanton, H. (2006), A Decision Theoretic and Prototype Conceptualization of Possible Selves: Implications for the Prediction of Risk Behavior. Journal of Personality, 74: 599–630. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2006.00386.x
Shannon Quinlan, Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Albany; Jim Jaccard, Department of Psychology, Florida International University; Hart Blanton, Department of Psychology, Texas A & M University.
- Issue published online: 9 FEB 2006
- Article first published online: 9 FEB 2006
ABSTRACT The present study explores a new framework for conceptualizing possible selves for the prediction of behavior. The framework uses decision theory, attitude theory, and classic expectancy-value models. The focus is on using possible-self constructs that (a) correspond to behavioral alternatives, (b) focus on self dimensions directly tied to the behavioral criterion, and (c) use expectancy-value constructs to assess the core features of a given possible self-dimension. A study of 305 college students was undertaken to predict alcohol use from possible self constructs using the framework. Results affirmed the utility of the approach, showing that possible-self constructs predicted behavior over and above current self-image and constructs in the Theory of Planned Behavior. Possible-self constructs associated with negative attributes of both binge drinkers and nonbinge drinkers were predictive of behavior.