We would like to thank David Day and Dan Richard for their comments on an earlier draft of this article. All correspondence concerning this manuscript should be addressed to either Christopher Leone, Department of Psychology, University of North Florida, Jacksonville FL., 32224 (firstname.lastname@example.org) or LouAnne B. Hawkins, Honors Program, University of North Florida, Jacksonville FL., 32224 (email@example.com).
Self-Monitoring and Close Relationships
Version of Record online: 9 MAR 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 74, Issue 3, pages 739–778, June 2006
How to Cite
Leone, C. and Hawkins, L. B. (2006), Self-Monitoring and Close Relationships. Journal of Personality, 74: 739–778. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2006.00391.x
- Issue online: 9 MAR 2006
- Version of Record online: 9 MAR 2006
ABSTRACT Three types of close relationships have received attention from theorists and researchers interested in self-monitoring: friendships, romantic relationships, and marriage. Our review of this literature was organized around three phases of relationships: initiation, maintenance, and dissolution. Across the three types of relationships, consistent differences between high self-monitors and low self-monitors emerged concerning the structure of their social relationships (segmented vs. integrated), the basis for choosing friends and romantic partners (activity-based vs. person-based), and the orientation taken to romantic and marital partners (uncommitted vs. committed). Across all three types of relationships, however, little is known about the processes and consequences involved in the dissolution of close relationships for high self-monitors and low self-monitors. Relatively little is also known about the processes used by high self-monitors and low self-monitors to maintain their friendships and marriages. In addition to addressing these deficiencies in the literature, theorists and researchers interested in self-monitoring and close relationships need to develop sophisticated, causal models that can account for (a) interaction exchanges in the relationships, (b) dyadic as well as individual levels of analysis, and (c) temporal and situational changes in the course of close relationships.