Personality and Self-Regulation: Trait and Information-Processing Perspectives


  • Rick H. Hoyle, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University. During the writing of this article, the author was supported by grant P20-DA017589 from the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

should be addressed to Rick H. Hoyle, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Box 90085, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0086. E-mail:


ABSTRACT This article introduces the special issue of Journal of Personality on personality and self-regulation. The goal of the issue is to illustrate and inspire research that integrates personality and process-oriented accounts of self-regulation. The article begins by discussing the trait perspective on self-regulation—distinguishing between temperament and personality accounts—and the information-processing perspective. Three approaches to integrating these perspectives are then presented. These range from methodological approaches, in which constructs representing the two perspectives are examined in integrated statistical models, to conceptual approaches, in which the two perspectives are unified in a holistic theoretical model of self-regulation. The article concludes with an overview of the special issue contributions, which are organized in four sections: broad, integrative models of personality and self-regulation; models that examine the developmental origins of self-regulation and self-regulatory styles; focused programs of research that concern specific aspects or applications of self-regulation; and strategies for increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of self-regulation.