This research was supported by Grant We 1779/4-1 from the German Research Foundation (DFG) awarded to Hannelore Weber and Britta Renner.
The Spirited, the Observant, and the Disheartened: Social Concepts of Optimism, Realism, and Pessimism
Article first published online: 20 NOV 2006
Journal of Personality
Volume 75, Issue 1, pages 169–197, February 2007
How to Cite
Weber, H., Vollmann, M. and Renner, B. (2007), The Spirited, the Observant, and the Disheartened: Social Concepts of Optimism, Realism, and Pessimism. Journal of Personality, 75: 169–197. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2006.00436.x
The authors would like to thank Manja Harning, Katrin Matiba, and Kirsten Schweinberger for their help with data collection. We are very much indebted to Rainer Reisenzein for his generous and invaluable assistance and his many insightful comments on an earlier version of this paper. We are also grateful to Christopher Leone for his helpful comments on an earlier version of this article.
- Issue published online: 20 NOV 2006
- Article first published online: 20 NOV 2006