An Inductive Exploration of the Social Effectiveness Construct Space


  • The authors contributed equally to the development of this article. Morgan J. Morrison is now at JCPenney, Inc. An earlier version of this article was presented at the Annual Conference for the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Dallas, TX. Correspondence may be sent to Eric D. Heggestad, Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, 28223. E-mail:


ABSTRACT There is no agreement regarding the nature or number of dimensions that make up the social effectiveness domain. We inductively explore the relationships between a set of social effectiveness measures with the intention of identifying an initial set of dimensions. An exploratory factor analysis of the Social Competence Inventory (SCI, Schneider, 2001) resulted in the identification of four factors: Social Potency, Social Appropriateness, Social Emotional Expression, and Social Reputation. A joint factor analysis between the SCI and a set of extant measures resulted in the identification of the same four factors. A fifth factor emerged when a set of scales from an emotional intelligence measure was included in the analysis, suggesting that emotional intelligence is not captured within the common factor space defined by measures of social effectiveness. This study represents a first step in the establishment of a set of common social effectiveness dimensions.