Portions of this research were presented at the 84th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Phoenix, Arizona, April 2004, and at the 2006 Biennial Convention of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, Long Beach, California, June 2006. This research was supported by a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship to the first author and a University of California Faculty Research Grant to the second author. We gratefully acknowledge Jennifer Claudio, Seema Sood, Matthew Tokeshi, and Joanne Wong for their assistance with data collection and data entry. In addition, we thank Kathleen R. Sullivan, Frank Worrell, Elizabeth Page-Gould, the Relationships and Social Cognition Lab at UC Berkeley, and an anonymous reviewer for helpful comments on earlier revisions of this article. E-mail: Wayne Chan at email@example.com; Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Status-Based Rejection Sensitivity Among Asian Americans: Implications for Psychological Distress
Version of Record online: 14 AUG 2008
© 2008, Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2008, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 76, Issue 5, pages 1317–1346, October 2008
How to Cite
Chan, W. and Mendoza-Denton, R. (2008), Status-Based Rejection Sensitivity Among Asian Americans: Implications for Psychological Distress. Journal of Personality, 76: 1317–1346. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2008.00522.x
- Issue online: 15 SEP 2008
- Version of Record online: 14 AUG 2008
ABSTRACT We examined whether anxious expectations of discrimination among Asian Americans can help explain this group's elevated levels of internalizing symptomatology, such as lower self-esteem (Twenge & Crocker, 2002) and higher depressive symptoms (Okazaki, 1997, 2002) relative to European Americans. Study 1 reports on the development and validation of a scale measuring status-based rejection sensitivity among Asian Americans (RS-A). In Study 2, scores on the RS-A were related to spontaneous discrimination attributions specifically in situations where discrimination is both applicable and possible for Asian Americans. Study 3 revealed that shame mediated the relationship between RS-A and internalizing symptomatology. Implications for well-being and intergroup interactions are discussed.