The Hierarchical Structure of Well-Being
Article first published online: 18 MAY 2009
© 2009, Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2009, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 77, Issue 4, pages 1025–1050, August 2009
How to Cite
Gallagher, M. W., Lopez, S. J. and Preacher, K. J. (2009), The Hierarchical Structure of Well-Being. Journal of Personality, 77: 1025–1050. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00573.x
- Issue published online: 1 JUL 2009
- Article first published online: 18 MAY 2009
ABSTRACT Theories of hedonic, eudaimonic, and social well-being provide 3 extensively studied models for explaining flourishing mental health. Few studies have examined whether these models can be integrated into a comprehensive structure of well-being. The present study builds upon previous theoretical and empirical work to determine the complex relationships among these 3 models of well-being. Confirmatory factor analysis techniques were used to test a series of models in order to (a) confirm the proposed latent structures of hedonic, eudaimonic, and social well-being and (b) examine whether these models could be successfully integrated into a hierarchical structure of well-being. In 2 large samples, results supported the proposed latent structures of hedonic, eudaimonic, and social well-being and indicated that the various components of well-being could be represented most parsimoniously with 3 oblique second-order constructs of hedonic, eudaimonic, and social well-being.