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Appraisal Underpinnings of Affective Chronometry: The Role of Appraisals in Emotion Habituation


  • We thank Phoebe Ellsworth, Barbara Fredrickson, Norbert Schwarz, and Stephen Taylor for their insightful comments to earlier versions of this article. This research was funded by grant R-107-000-007-012 from the National University of Singapore with supplemental funds from the Singapore Ministry of Home Affairs, Singapore Police Force.

concerning this article should be addressed to Eddie M.W. Tong, Department of Psychology, National University of Singapore, 9 Arts Link, AS4, 02-09, Singapore 117570. E-mail:


ABSTRACT In light of the lack of studies examining the cognitive components of affective chronometry, this research examined the appraisals associated with emotion habituation, using anger as the emotion of focus. Anger and its appraisals were assessed repeatedly over a day in the participants' naturalistic contexts. The trajectory of decline in anger over time after its first appearance was found to be a function of chronic coping styles. More importantly, the trajectories of anger-related appraisals generally corresponded to that of anger and were also moderated by coping styles in ways consistent with the moderating effects of coping styles on anger. Implications of these results for affective chronometry research and for appraisal research are discussed.