Seeing My World in a Million Little Pieces: Narcissism, Self-Construal, and Cognitive–Perceptual Style
Article first published online: 19 MAY 2009
© 2009, Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2009, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 77, Issue 4, pages 1197–1228, August 2009
How to Cite
Konrath, S., Bushman, B. J. and Grove, T. (2009), Seeing My World in a Million Little Pieces: Narcissism, Self-Construal, and Cognitive–Perceptual Style. Journal of Personality, 77: 1197–1228. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00579.x
- Issue published online: 1 JUL 2009
- Article first published online: 19 MAY 2009
ABSTRACT In 4 studies we examine the association between narcissism, self-construal, and cognitive–perceptual style, hypothesizing that high self-focus in combination with low other-focus (i.e., social atomization) is related to an analytic cognitive–perceptual style. Participants completed the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, the Self-Construal Scale, and measures of cognitive–perceptual style such as the Analysis-Holism Scale, the Embedded Figures Test, a visual illusion test, and a measure of the representativeness heuristic. We found evidence for a decontextualized cognitive–perceptual style in socially atomized participants, which included those high in narcissism and also those who had a combination of high independent and low interdependent self-construal. A meta-analytic integration of our findings found that narcissism was positively related to independent and negatively related to interdependent self-construal, and mediation analyses found some evidence that the relationship between self-construal and cognitive–perceptual style is partially mediated by narcissism.