This research was supported in part by grants from the Italian Ministry University and Research (COFIN: 1998, 2000), the University of Rome “La Sapienza” (1998, 2000) to Gian Vittorio Caprara. Partial support for Nancy Eisenberg was provided by a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health.
Reciprocal Relations Among Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Prosociality Across Time
Article first published online: 19 MAY 2009
© 2009, Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2009, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 77, Issue 4, pages 1229–1259, August 2009
How to Cite
Alessandri, G., Caprara, G. V., Eisenberg, N. and Steca, P. (2009), Reciprocal Relations Among Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Prosociality Across Time. Journal of Personality, 77: 1229–1259. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00580.x
- Issue published online: 1 JUL 2009
- Article first published online: 19 MAY 2009
ABSTRACT The present study examined the longitudinal relations between individuals' prosociality and their self-efficacy beliefs in regard to emotional regulation and responding empathically to others' needs. The participants were 244 females and 222 males with a mean age of 17 years (SD=1.5) at T1, 19 years (SD=1.4) at T2, and 21 years (SD=1.6) at T3. The findings corroborated the posited paths of relations assigning empathic self-efficacy a major role in predicting the level of individuals' prosociality. Empathic self-efficacy beliefs mediated the relations of regulative emotional self-efficacy beliefs to prosocial tendencies such as caring, sharing, helping, and empathic concern toward others. The posited conceptual model accounted for a significant portion of variance in prosociality and has implications for interventions designed to promote and sustain prosociality.