This research was funded by Grants R01MH53791 and R01MH066697 (to G. I.) from the National Institutes of Health and supported, in part, by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH, National Institute on Aging. Paul T. Costa, Jr. receives royalties from the NEO-PI-R.
Five-Factor Model Personality Traits, Spirituality/Religiousness, and Mental Health Among People Living With HIV
Version of Record online: 22 JUL 2009
This article is a US Government work and is in the public domain in the USA. Journal compilation © 2009, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 77, Issue 5, pages 1411–1436, October 2009
How to Cite
Löckenhoff, C. E., Ironson, G. H., O'Cleirigh, C. and Costa, P. T. (2009), Five-Factor Model Personality Traits, Spirituality/Religiousness, and Mental Health Among People Living With HIV. Journal of Personality, 77: 1411–1436. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00587.x
- Issue online: 1 SEP 2009
- Version of Record online: 22 JUL 2009
ABSTRACT We examined the association between five-factor personality domains and facets and spirituality/religiousness as well as their joint association with mental health in a diverse sample of people living with HIV (n=112, age range 18–66). Spirituality/religiousness showed stronger associations with Conscientiousness, Openness, and Agreeableness than with Neuroticism and Extraversion. Both personality traits and spirituality/religiousness were significantly linked to mental health, even after controlling for individual differences in demographic measures and disease status. Personality traits explained unique variance in mental health above spirituality and religiousness. Further, aspects of spirituality and religiousness were found to mediate some of the links between personality and mental health in this patient sample. These findings suggest that underlying personality traits contribute to the beneficial effects of spirituality/religiousness among vulnerable populations.