I thank Michael Robinson, Peter Kuppens, and three anonymous reviewers for their helpful and insightful feedback. This research was made possible by the funding support from the National University of Singapore Academic Research Fund (R-581-000-065-112).
Personality Influences in Appraisal–Emotion Relationships: The Role of Neuroticism
Version of Record online: 15 MAR 2010
© 2010, Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2010, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 78, Issue 2, pages 393–417, April 2010
How to Cite
Tong, E. M. W. (2010), Personality Influences in Appraisal–Emotion Relationships: The Role of Neuroticism. Journal of Personality, 78: 393–417. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00620.x
- Issue online: 15 MAR 2010
- Version of Record online: 15 MAR 2010
ABSTRACT Although appraisal theorists have pointed out that appraisal–emotion relationships should vary as a function of personality traits, evidence demonstrating this is limited and inconsistent. To examine this issue, Ecological Momentary Assessment was employed in which undergraduates indicated their negative emotions and appraisals at regular intervals for 2 days in natural contexts. The results revealed that individuals higher in Neuroticism showed more negative appraisal styles than those lower in Neuroticism. More important, higher Neuroticism was associated with stronger appraisal–emotion relationships of 4 negative emotions (anger, sadness, fear, and guilt). These findings imply that Neuroticism affects not only how people appraise their environments but also the reactivity of their negative emotions to appraisals.