This research was supported by grant R01 AG21178 from the National Institute of Aging. The authors would like to thank Andrew Hebrank for his help in preparation of this article.
Getting to Know Me: Social Role Experiences and Age Differences in Self-Concept Clarity During Adulthood
Article first published online: 1 SEP 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal of Personality © 2010, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 78, Issue 5, pages 1383–1410, October 2010
How to Cite
Lodi-Smith, J. and Roberts, B. W. (2010), Getting to Know Me: Social Role Experiences and Age Differences in Self-Concept Clarity During Adulthood. Journal of Personality, 78: 1383–1410. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00655.x
- Issue published online: 1 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 1 SEP 2010
ABSTRACT The current research had 2 aims: (1) to determine the cross-sectional age differences in self-concept clarity during adulthood and (2) to examine the importance of social role experiences for age differences in self-concept clarity. These aims were addressed in 2 large samples of adults ranging in age from 18 to 94 years. In both studies, self-concept clarity had a curvilinear relation to age such that self-concept clarity was positively related to age from young adulthood through middle age and negatively related to age in older adulthood. This relationship was moderated by annual income and community investment. In addition, annual income and health-related social role limitations mediated age differences in self-concept clarity. Findings are discussed in terms of modern theories of identity development.